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Electricity & Electronics: Voltage 1974 US Air Force Training Film
Science & Technology

Electricity & Electronics: Voltage 1974 US Air Force Training Film [13:49]

More at http://scitech.quickfound.net/"training film on electricity. in this episode: voltage."Us air force training film tvk30-101eReupload of a previously uploaded film with improved video & sound.The soundtrack was also processed with volume normalization, noise reduction, clipping reduction, and equalization (the resulting sound, though not perfect, is far less noisy than the original). Public domain film from the national archives, slightly cropped to remove uneven edges, with the aspect ratio corrected, and mild video noise reduction applied.Electronics training playlist: http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=plaa9b0175c3e15b47Http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/voltageVoltage, otherwise known as electrical potential difference or electric tension (denoted ∆v and measured in volts, or joules per coulomb) is the potential difference between two points — or the difference in electric potential energy per unit charge between two points. voltage is equal to the work which would have to be done, per unit charge, against a static electric field to move the charge between two points. a voltage may represent either a source of energy (electromotive force), or it may represent lost or stored energy (potential drop). a voltmeter can be used to measure the voltage (or potential difference) between two points in a system; usually a common reference potential such as the ground of the system is used as one of the points. voltage can be caused by static electric fields, by electric current through a magnetic field, by time-varying magnetic fields, or a combination of all three.DefinitionThe voltage between two ends of a path is the total energy required to move a small electric charge along that path, divided by the magnitude of the charge. mathematically this is expressed as the line integral of the electric field and the time rate of change of magnetic field along that path. in the general case, both a static (unchanging) electric field and a dynamic (time-varying) electromagnetic field must be included in determining the voltage between two points.Historically this quantity has also been called "tension" and "pressure". pressure is now obsolete but tension is still used, for example within the phrase "high tension" (ht) which is commonly used in thermionic valve (vacuum tube) based electronics.Voltage is defined so that negatively-charged objects are pulled towards higher voltages, while positively-charged objects are pulled towards lower voltages. therefore, the conventional current in a wire or resistor always flows from higher voltage to lower voltage. current can flow from lower voltage to higher voltage, but only when a source of energy is present to "push" it against the opposing electric field. for example, inside a battery, chemical reactions inside the battery provide the energy needed for current to flow from the negative to the positive terminal...Addition of voltagesThe voltage between a and c is the sum of the voltage between a and b and the voltage between b and c. the various voltages in a circuit can be computed using kirchhoff's circuit laws.When talking about alternating current (ac) there is a difference between instantaneous voltage and average voltage. instantaneous voltages can be added for direct current (dc) and ac, but average voltages can be meaningfully added only when they apply to signals that all have the same frequency and phase...Instruments for measuring voltages include the voltmeter, the potentiometer, and the oscilloscope. the voltmeter works by measuring the current through a fixed resistor, which, according to ohm's law, is proportional to the voltage across the resistor. the potentiometer works by balancing the unknown voltage against a known voltage in a bridge circuit. the cathode-ray oscilloscope works by amplifying the voltage and using it to deflect an electron beam from a straight path, so that the deflection of the beam is proportional to the voltage...